Headless Browser Testing-The Faster Way. headless browser automation testingHeadless Browser Automation Testing is a method for running browser UI tests without the head, which for this situation implies that there’s no program UI, no GUI of any sorts.

This is helpful since when running tests, particularly in a CI situation, there is no one “viewing” the visuals, so there is no need for the additional overhead of the browser GUI.

One of the most compelling reasons for utilizing a headless browser for testing is performance, as it gives you a chance to run tests all the more rapidly in a real browser condition. Headless browsers avoid draw tasks, which handle rendering of the UI and their different pixels on the screen.

With headless testing, we overlook those draw activities and the headless motors simply run similar tests out of sight without a requirement for a UI.

How would you know whether the user interface of a site you’re creating fills in as it should and the site, in general, conveys the ideal user experience? Headless browsers give you a quick, lightweight approach to automate abnormal state activities and get a thought of how well your site works in like common scenarios.

Numerous headless alternatives are accessible, including headless adaptations of prevalent programs like Chrome and Firefox and devices to reproduce a few unique programs. Enlighten yourself with the headless browser testing advantages, and learn more about the potential outcomes accessible so you can choose the best browsers to use for headless web testing and development.

So what is Headless Browser?

Now going to the headless browser, a headless browser is a program which doesn’t have a GUI. The headless browser is utilized to mimic projects despite the fact that there is no browser installed on your nearby system. You couldn’t perceive any browser in your system however you will get a similar outcome in your reassure. Headless browser doesn’t have GUI implies it’s simply that it doesn’t have any GUI yet the browser keeps running in the background.

Headless Testing Tools:

There are different headless browser testing frameworks out there to help with headless browser testing, but, we’ll just be concentrating on the ones beneath as a result of their usability.


Complexity is ordinary in the modern internet scene, and PhantomJS is worked to deal with everything utilizing fundamental command line testing. This headless WebKit is scriptable by means of the JavaScript API and utilizations CasperJS to deal with headless test automation. Fit for reenacting “full navigation situations,” headless testing PhantomJS can uncover every one of the spots where a client may experience errors while browsing.


Nightmare is a high-level browser automation library from Segment. It uncovered a couple of easy techniques that copy client activities (like click, type, and goto), with an API that feels synchronous for each square of scripting, instead of profoundly settled callbacks.

It was initially intended for headless browser automation testing crosswise over websites that don’t have APIs yet is regularly utilized for UI testing and crawling.

Headless Chrome:

Developers comfortable with Chrome can launch version  59 or later in headless mode testing to use all of the conceivable outcomes managed by Chromium and the Blink rendering motor. This lightweight, the memory-saving headless browser gives you the tools to:

  • Test numerous levels of route
  • Collect page data
  • Take screen captures
  • Make PDFs


Puppeteer is a Node library created by the Chrome group. It gives a high-level API to control Headless Chrome. It’s like other automated testing libraries like Phantom and NightmareJS above, yet it just works with the latest version of Chrome 59+.

The Puppeteer API can be utilized to take screen captures, make PDFs, explore pages, and bring data from pages.

Benefits of Performing Headless Browser Automation Testing in Selenium:

It’s quicker. The performance is better contrasted with headless browser testing selenium. Automated testing is to automate a browser to guarantee that the application is running not surprisingly. Running regression scripts take bunches of time. With headless browsers, we could save time.

It empowers you to run the test scripts on a system which doesn’t have a browser.

Envision you have a circumstance to run a few tests on a variant of Google chrome and there is no such version of Google chrome on your nearby system. For this situation, you could utilize the headless software testing, a large portion of the headless browsers support browser versions.

Limitation of Headless Browser Automation Testing in Selenium:

Troubleshooting is somewhat troublesome utilizing headless browsers. Here browser isn’t visible; the only route is to take a screenshot.

These browsers speak to only a couple of the testing conditions accessible to engineers. Clearly, PhantomJS is as yet a standout amongst the most prominent headless browser testing tools.

Since there is an assortment to look over, you can experiment with more than one for various use cases and figure out which works best to test specific situations. From easy connections to completely automated streams, headless browsers give the structure you have to enhance UI and UX in each site you create.

Share on: